Category Archives for "Country"

Wine Types: Wine Bottle Sizes & Shapes

A client called me the other day inquiring about a wine cooler that could store Magnum bottles of wine.  I knew a Magnum bottle of wine held about twice what a standard 750 ml bottle held, but I did not know what the specific bottle dimensions were.  I needed a quick lesson on wine bottle sizes in order to respond to customer questions.  What I found out is wine bottle shapes and sizes can vary by region, state, country and even wine type.  Also, I came to realize that they are so many different bottle sizes that a single article about all of them would be impossible.  Subsequently, I decided to concentrate my research on a few of the basic standard size wine bottles.

wine bottle


Most wine will come in a standard 750 ml. bottle and in fact this size bottle is the basis for naming many of the other bottle sizes.  Wine cooler and chillers are typically sized to handle the standard 750 ml. bottle.  Some of the standard sized wine bottles that you are most likely to come across are: Split (1/4 bottle, 0.1875 liters ), Half (1/2 bottle, 0.375 liters), Bottle (full bottle; 0.750 liters), Magnum (2 bottles, 1.5  liters), Double Magnum (4 bottles; 3.0  liters), Jeroboam  ( 6 bottles, 4 ½ liters), Methuselah (8 bottles, 6.0 liters), Salmanazar (12 bottles; 12.0 liters), Balthazar (16 bottles; 12.0 liter), and Nebuchadnezzar (20 bottles; 15.0 l.).  It is interesting to note that many of the larger sized wine bottles were named after Biblical Kings and other figures.  The United States waited until 1979 to adopt the metric measurements for bottles of wine and use the 750 ml. standard bottle.

The Split size bottle stands about 7 ½ inches tall with a bottom diameter of about 2 ½ inches.  These wine bottles are often used for desert and sparkling wines and are small enough to drink in one serving as they lose their fizz rapidly after opening.   The most widely sold standard 750 ml. bottle stands about 11 ½ to 12 inches high and is typically 3 ½ inches in diameter at the base.  Magnum bottles stand about 14 inches tall and are around 4 inches in diameter.  Jeroboam bottles stand 19 ½ inches tall with a base diameter of about 5 inches.  The higher capacity bottles such as the Methuselah (22 inches tall) range upward in size to the Nebuchadnezzar that is 31 inches tall.  Imagine picking up a bottle that is over 31 inches tall and pouring its wine into your delicate glass stemware.


Wine bottle shapes are as varied as their sizes.  Most wine producers opt for bottle shapes that are most appropriate for their wine.  For example, Chianti and some other Italian wines come in a round-bottomed bottle encased in a straw basket.  Champagne and other sparkling wines come in bottles that are thicker walled because of the excess internal pressures.  Wine producers often choose a wine bottle shape strictly for marketing purposes.  For that reason, a German Company uses a bottle shaped as a “house cat’” for a Riesling wine it produces.


There are several traditional colors that you will find being used in wine bottles.  Dark green bottles are typically used for red wines (Bordeaux, Burgundy and Rhone).  Mosel, Rhine and Alsace wines often use a lighter green or amber colored bottle.  Clear bottles seem to be the most popular for white wines in many countries.  Champagne is typically bottled in a dark to medium green color.  Some wine producers also use colors relating to their individual marketing strategies.


The future of wine packaging is wide open.  Many producers are opting for cost reducing screw type caps instead of corks.  Because the weight of the bottle approximates about 40 percent of the total bottled wine weight, plastic bottles and tetra packs are being explored as a lighter alternative that is cheaper to handle and ship.  Packaging wine in lighter containers and exporting wine in bulk quantities then bottling it in smaller bottles closer to the point of consumption are all strategies being explored to improve wine sales and reduce shipping costs.  Perhaps, the cost of a good imported French wine will become more affordable in the future.

Read More: Wine Types- Dessert Wines

Wine Types: Dessert Wines – A Pleasant Surprise

I have enjoyed a good glass of table wine many times with my meals.  Wine tasting parties have always been a favorite pastime, especially when combined with cheese.  No, I am not from Wisconsin so I do not rate a “cheese head hat”.  Recently, after a pleasant dinner party with good friends, I was introduced to a new class of wines that I had never tried before.  The dessert wine I was served turned out to be the fitting end to a fabulous evening.


Grapes used for dessert wines are not harvested in the same fashion and timing as your typical table wine grapes.  The goal is to increase the sugar content of the grape by mainly harvesting them later in the season.  Often in dessert wines a noble rot forms on the grapes before harvest.  In another dessert wine type named ice wine, grape harvest is delayed until the first freeze.  Sometimes these wines are developed by pausing the fermentation process.

There are several types of grapes primarily used in the making of dessert wines.  Semillon grapes are commonly used in Sauternes that often smell like the wildflowers where it is grown.  Muscat grapes may remind you of orange and honey.  Fendant and Chasselas are typically found primarily in Switzerland.  Spicy Gewurztraminer wines are good tasting and seem to age well.  Fortified wines like sherry, port and Madeira are made differently than your typical dessert wine, but are also a great choice and considered in many circles to be “honorary dessert wines”.  Be aware that some wineries are making great dessert wines by “late-harvesting” table wine grapes used for Cabernet Sauvignon and Viognier.

When serving dessert wines, a general rule is the wine should be sweeter than the food it is served with.  Good matches include fresh sweet fruits, bakery goods and chocolate and toffee based dishes.  White dessert wines should be served chilled but not too cold, while red dessert wines are mainly served at room temperature.  Because of their sweetness, dessert wines come in smaller bottles and often are more expensive than table wines.  It is best to serve these wines in a small glass with a pour of only 2 ounces.  Dessert wine can be served without dessert, but in any case with or without, ready your body for the sugar high that will result.

Selecting the right dessert wine for your next entertainment event could be a little challenging.  A great suggestion is to try a “test-run” before you plan your gathering.  Get your chosen dessert prepared ahead of time.  Taste the wine you think will compliment your dessert choice and note your impressions.  Lastly, taste your wine along with your dessert.  If you find the combination pleasant to your palate, you are home free.  If the combination dulls the flavor of the wine, consider going with a less-sweet dessert or a sweeter wine.

What I learned about dessert wines has been known for a long time by cultured Europeans.  On this continent, we have always appreciated having dessert after our meals, but have not extensively appreciated what a good accompanying wine could do to our “taste-buds”.   I have decided that having a dessert wine in my cellar to enjoy occasionally is a personal requirement.  As I always say, select your wine to fit your individual taste, store and serve it properly, and enjoy. Ah! Wait ! For storing, what’s your plan ? I must recommend under counter wine cooler .

Sailing Croatia – All That You Needed To Know

sailing croatia

Sailing Croatia? Well, a good idea! Historically called the Dalmatian Coast, this is a popular coast for cruising because of its many islands and coves. The area is divided into north and south by the ancient city of Split.

This area has plenty of island destinations to explore, including the national parks of Kornati, Brijuni, Cres, Krk, and Susak. Kornati in the north features a lot of rocky islands. You can reef dive here in the beautiful turquoise water. Split, Pula, Zadar, and Dubrovnik offer plenty of charter options for visitors.

Croatia Yacht Charter

croatia sailing ideas

Sailing Croatia in a yacht charter is one of the best ways to spend time here. You not only awe at the spectacular scenery, but also take home the sweet memories of this beautiful part of the world.

Besides the usual crewed charter options and bareboat, gulets are an amazing option too. They are basically motor-sailers – just the perfect thing for families or a group of friends longing for a terrific cruise holiday. The boats have a fully functional rigging and motors. A typical gulet can accommodate eight to 12 people at a time. The attraction of gulets is the separate accommodation they offer to the passengers. The chartering ones also have recreational facilities and other services. To say it in other words, gulets serve as mini hotels with great service and terrific sea view from each of its rooms.

Modern gulets have all the basic amenities of home. This provides vacationers a home-like experience away from home. The wonderful thing about sailing in gulets is that you strike a relationship with other people on board. It creates an atmosphere of sharing, friendliness, and having fun together.

Croatia Sailing Charter

croatia sailing

For over a decade, the charter industry in Croatia is offering a great time to its visitors hungry for the sea. The beauty of this place is mind-blowing and cruising makes it even more exciting and convenient, as you can reach its many Croatian islands that are dipped with natural freshness. The islands feature harbors, coves, beaches, and lagoons. There are hardly any tides or currents to disturb your sailing Croatia expedition.

Visiting Croatia

sailing croatia idea

The best time to come here is in June and September. These months are pleasant and warm. July and August have plenty of sunshine and are hot. These are not sailing months because the thermal breeze blows hard from the northwest and the mountains are too hot to explore. It is necessary to have sun protection during all summer months here.

People of Croatia are warm and hospitable. They welcome sailors cordially and provide the best advice and help possible. German and Italian are widely spoken; English is getting popular too. You can find lots of restaurants on the islands and along the coast. Cuisines made from locally grown vegetables, fresh fish, and seafood almost lure the visitors toward food.

So, are you Sailing Croatia this summer? This is your chance to dump the fireplace and cozy indoor settings and venture out in the open, amid the vines, enjoying the local red wine. Log online and get your week-long sailing holiday planned.

Interesting Facts about Canada

Discover interesting and fun facts about Canada. Learn about the Canadian landscape, government, anthem, literature and food.

Did you know Canada’s motto is A MARI USQUE AD MARE (It means from sea to sea.)?Or were you aware that Canada’s official colors are red and white? Our official colors were the result of King George the fifth’s proclamation of the arms of Canada in 1921 and our official colors are displayed on the Canada flag.

Sports fans might be interested to know that our official sport of Canada was declared on May 12, 1994 to be Lacrosse in the summer and Hockey in the winter.

Animal lovers might enjoy knowing that the official horse breed of Canada is the aptly name Canada Horse. It was recognized as the national horse on May 2002 by an Act of Parliment.

Continue reading this page to find more fun and interesting facts about Canada.

The Canadian Flag


The Official Canadian Flag was adopted in 1965. If features two red bands with white square with a stylized 11 point maple leaf. The Canadian Flag was designed by George Stanley and John Matheson. Their design was based on the flag from the Royal Military College of Canada. The flag was officially unveiled on February 15, 1965. Today we celebrate this date as National Flag of Canada Day.

Map of Canada

Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories. The ten provinces are named British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Foundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. The three territories are named Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nanavut.

When you consider land mass and bodies of fresh water Nanavut’s total area is the largest in Canada. It represents 21% of the national total area. Prince Edward Island makes up .1% of Canada’s total area making it the smallest province in Canada.

It is important to note that Ontario has only 10.8% of Canada’s total area but most of Canada’s population (about 38% of the total national population) lives in the province.

Fun Facts About Canada

Here are some fun facts about Canada you can share with your friends.

The National Anthem of Canada – O Canada

“O Canada, our home and native land” are the first words sang in the Canadian National Anthem. The song is played at sporting events, over the PA at schools and to represent Canada on a world stage.

Theodore Robitaille, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, commissioned the song for Saint Jean Baptiste Day in 1880. Music was created by Calixa Lavallee and the words were written by the judge and poet Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier. Lyrics were originally written in French and translated into English. In 1908 Robert Stanley Weir wrote an alternative English version that is considered the most popular version of the song. By 1935 the song was commonly used to represent Canada; however it was not until 1980 that the song was made Canada’s official National Anthem.

Some of the Canadian Anthem lyrics – the English version – have been called in question. The line “our home and native land” has been found problematic because not everyone in Canada’s mosaic has been born in Canada. It was suggested that the words be changed to “our home and cherished land.” The other line that some wish to alter is the lyric is “in all thy sons command.” This lyric is sexist and is exclusionary. The suggested change would be “in all of us command.”

Interesting Facts About Canada

  • In Newfoundland you can find local delicacies such as cod tongue, caribou steak and seal flipper pie.
  • Canada has one castle within its borders called Casa Loma. Casa Loma features 98 rooms and secret passages and underground tunnels.
  • It is no wonder Tim Hortons is a big success in Canada when you consider that Canadians have be said to consume more donuts per person that any other country.
  • Fort McMurray, Alberta has the second largest oil reserves in the world.
  • French is spoken by about six million people in Canada.
  • At the Calgary Stampede more than 200,000 pancakes are served to visitors each year.
  • Toronto Ontario is Canada’s biggest city.
  • Quebec City is the capital city of Canada.
  • Quebec City was founded by French explorer Samuel de Champlain over 400 years ago. At the time Quebec city was just a fort.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

facts about canada

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police serve as an agency to the Ministry of Public Safety Canada. They are Canada’s national police service. Members o the Royal Canadian Mounted police can be distinguished by their red jacketed uniform. It is important to note that the RCMP is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing agency. It has contracts with all 3 territories and 8 out of the 10 provinces. Ontario and Quebec are the two exceptions.

Canadian Rocky Mountains

rocky mountain canada

The Canadian Rocky Mountains or the Rockies boast picturesque scenery. The Rockies is the name given to the collective group of mountains in western Canada. They extend from the Interior Plains of Alberta to the Rocky Mountain Trench of British Columbia. Mount Robson is an example of the high peaks that can be found in the Rockies.

O Polar Bears – We Have Them

polar bear canada

Is seeing a polar bear in the wild on your must see list? You can check it off your list by traveling to Churchill during October and November. This is the best time to see the polar bears because during these months the polar bears are moving from their summer habitat on the tundra to go seal hunting. They do this on pack ice that covers Hudson Bay during the winter months.

Niagara Falls

niagra falls

In Niagara Falls Ontario Canada we are lucky enough to see views of all three of the waterfalls. 2/3’s of Horseshoe Falls, the largest of the three falls, lies on the Canadian side of Niagara Falls while the American Falls and the smaller Bridal Veil Falls are located on the American side of Niagara Falls.

90% of the Niagara River flow over the Horseshoe Falls. The Horseshoe Falls were named for the horseshoe shaped that spans 671 meters. The river passes over the crest at about 32 km per hour. The Horseshoe falls is 53 meters high.

It is said that Niagara Falls developed after the last ice age when water from Lake Erie made a channel towards Lake Ontario.

Tim Horton Dots the Land

All around the Canadian landscape you can find Tim Hortons. Tim Hortons is a coffee and donuts franchise. The First Tim Hortons restaurant was opened by Tim Horton (Canadian Hockey player) and Jim Charade. It was originally called Tim Hortons Donuts but was eventually changed abbreviated to Tim Horton’s. The apostrophe was eventually removed.

In 1992 Tim Hortons merged with Wendy’s. This merger continued until September 2006 when Wendy’s passed all of their remaining Tim Hortons shares onto their shareholders. In September Tim Hortons Inc. announced it had reorganized itself as a public Canadian company.

Today Tim Hortons is Canada’s leading food service provider. In July 2012 Tim Hortons had 3,326 where customers could enjoy their double doubles and Timbits.

If you got an interesting or important Canadian fact share it below. This page is open to anyone to leave a comment.